The Historical-Teological Context of the Origin of Pentecostalism: the Holiness Movement

Roman SOLOVIY

Abstract


This article investigates the historical and theological roots of Pentecostalism, particularly the role of the Wesleyan Holiness movement as it influenced the origin of this branch of Christianity. Taking a scientific approach to the subject, the author concludes that the Holiness movement played a key role in shaping parts of the main Pentecostal doctrines, including the doctrine of baptism in the Holy Spirit evidenced by tongues. At the same time, however, research has proven that Pentecostalism did not mechanically inherit the ideas of the Holiness movement, but developed them under the influence of other powerful religious currents, such as the Keswick conventions, along with revivalism and restorationism. The purpose of this article is to examine the basic stages of the origin of Pentecostal doctrines by analyzing John Wesley’s teachings and their transformation by the main representatives of the Holiness movement, as well as the process of their reinterpretation in early Pentecostalism.

Keywords


Pentecostalism; stages of the origin of Pentecostal doctrines; historical and theological roots of Pentecostalism; Holiness movement

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson Robert M. Vision of the Disinherited: The Making of American Pentecostalism – New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Benvenuti S. Pentecostal Women in Ministry: Where Do We Go From Here? // Cyberjournal For Pentecostal–Charismatic Research – 1997 – January.

Charles E. W. Phoebe Palmer and the Development of Pentecostal Pneumatology // http://wesley.nnu.edu/theojrnl/21–25/23–13.htm.

Dayton D. The Theological Roots of Pentecostalism. – Metuchen: The Scarecrow Press, 1987.

Dayton D. The Holiness Churches: A Significant Ethical Tradition // www.religion–online.org

Dieter M.E. The Post Civil War Holiness Revival: The Rise of the Camp Meeting Churches // Ed. Wayne E. C. Reformers and Revivalists: History of the Wesleyan Church. – Indianapolis: Wesley Press, 1992.

Gillespie Bernie L. Vital Contributions of Revivalism to the Pentecostal Movement // http://www.inchristalone.org/RevivalismToPentecostalism.htm

Haines Lee M., Grander A. Wesleyan Method ism’s Transition 1867–1901. // Ed. Wayne E. C. Reformers and Revivalists: History of the Wesleyan Church. – Indianapolis: Wesley Press, 1992.

Holt J. Holiness Religion: Cultural Shock and Social Reorganization // American Sociological Review – Oct. 1940 – № 5.

Hunter Harold D. Beniah At The Apostolic Crossroads: Parham, Tomlinson, Sandord, Irvin // Cyberjournal for Pentecostal–Charismatic Research – 1997 – January. http://www.pctii.org/cyberj/cyber5.

Hunter Harold D. International Pentecostal Holiness Church. // The Acts of Pentecost – Ed. by Yung–Chul Han – Seoul: Han Young Theological University – 1998.

McGee G. All for Jesus: The Revival Legacy of A. B. Simpson // Enrichment – Spring – 1999.

McQuilkin J. The Keswick Perspective // Five Views on Sanctification. – Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983.

Menzies W. The Non–Wesleyan Origins of the Pentecostal Movement // Aspects of Pentecostal Charismatic Origins. – Plainfield: Logos International, 1975.

Panning A. A look at holiness and perfectionism theology // http://www.wls.wels.net/library/Essays

Roebuck David G. Restorationism and a Vision for World Harvest: A Brief History of the Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) // Cyberjournal For Pentecostal–Charismatic Research. – 1999 – February. http://www.pctii.org/cyberj/cyber5.

Sawyer M. James Wesleyan & Keswick Models of Sanctification // http://www.bible.org/docs/theology/pneuma.

Simpson. A. B. http://www.churchinwestland.org/id270.htm.

Synan Vinson, The Holiness–Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century. – Grand Rapids and Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1997.

The dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic movements. – Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 2000.

Zwemer Jack D. The Nature and Extent of the Pentecostal Movement // Present Truth Magazine archives – Volume Eight – Article 4.

Уэсли Д. Христианское совершенство // Избранные проповеди. Изд. 2–е. – С–Пб: Изд–во “Руфь”, 2002.

Уэсли Д. Простое повествование о христианском совершенстве // Избранные проповеди. Изд. 2–е. – С–Пб: Изд–во “Руфь”, 2002.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Roman SOLOVIY

THEOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS: EURO-ASIAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY

ISSN 2521-179X (Online), ISSN 2415-783X (Print)