Principles for Interpreting Jesus, Parables and the Way They are Understood by Evangelical Christians in Russia

Authors

  • Victoria ANTONENKO

Keywords:

Principles for Interpreting Jesus, Parables and the Way They are Understood by Evangelical Christians in Russia, principles of parable interpretation

Abstract

This article studies the special features of the parables. As a theoretical foundation, the first part presents the main hermeneutical principles with an emphasis on literary analysis guided by the works of well-known experts in the field. A brief excursus on the history of interpretation is also given. Several parables are reviewed as examples, taking into account the features of genre and their relation to the theme of the Kingdom of God. Since the parables elicit many different interpretations, in the second part of the article the author examines the most common misinterpretations and clarifies the reason for them. In the conclusion the significance of the Holy Spirit’s influence on the interpreter is noted, and also several tendencies that exist in contemporary church tradition. In this way the principles of parable interpretation are compared with the position of contemporary Russian Christianity on this issue, inviting the reader to reevaluate his or her own opinion and take a new look at Scripture. The article is intended for readers who are well acquainted with the biblical texts and deeply concerned with theological issues.

Author Biography

Victoria ANTONENKO

Victoria Antonenko graduated from Krasnodar Christian University in 1996. Currently she is in her third year of Master's degree studies at St. Petersburg Christian University (SPCU). She has been a member of a Baptist church since 1991. For many years she has taught Bible studies and worked with youth in the church. She has a Christian website that explores themes of music and literature, and writes theological articles and fiction. In addition, she studies issues of Christian counseling.

References

Barnwell K., Dancy P., Pope T. Key Biblical Terms in the New Testament. Russian Ed. Summer Institute of Linguistics Inc., and Noah Books, 1995.

Beekman, John, John Callow. 1981. Interpreting The Word of God. Russian Ed. S-Petersburh: Noah, 1994.

Bratcher R. G., Nida E. A. A Handbook on the Gospel of Mark (Help for Translators: Ubs Handbook Series). (Комментарии к Евангелию от Марка). Russian Ed. S-Petersburg: Russian Bible Society, 2001.

Henrichsen W. A., Jackson G. Studying, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible. Russian Ed. S-Petersburg: Mirt, 1995.

Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary on the Bible. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997.

Herrick G. The Interpretation of Parables: Exploring "Imaginary Gardens with Real Toads". www/bible.org/docs/nt/topics/parables/para21.htm. Biblical Studies Foundation, 2001.

Jamieson, Robert; Fausset, A.R.; and Brown, David. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

Kanatush V. Y. Parables of Jesus Christ («Притчи Иисуса Христа»). www.caw.dem.ru/books.htm, July, 6th, 2003.

Kanatush V. Y. Seven parables of the Kingdom of God (“Семь притч о Царстве Божием”). Odessa: Bogomyslie. №1. www.OdessaSem.com/02.html, 1991.

Keathley H. The parables. www/bible org/docs/nt/topics/parables/para24.htm, 1998.

Kimble E. Biblical Theology: hermeneutical principles of progressive revelation. www.bsmi.org. July, 8th, 2003.

Kolesnikov N.A. “The Barren Fig Tree” (“Бесплодная Смоковница”) (Братский вестник – 1986. - №6. - p.21-23).

Kulikov V. “The Pearl of great Price” (“Драгоценная жемчужина”) (Братский вестник. – 1981. - №4. p.19-21).

Kuznetzova V. N. The Gospel of Matthew. Commentary. (Евангелие от Матфея. Комментарий). Moscow, 2002.

Perrin N. Jesus and the language of the Kingdom. www.religion-online.org, July, 12th, 2003.

Popov V. A. Study The Scriptures (“Исследуйте Писания”). S-Petersburg, 1999.

Reiling J, Swellengrebel J. L. A Handbook on the Gospel of Luke (Help for Translators: Ubs Handbook Series). (Комментарии к Евангелию от Луки). S-Petersburg: Russian Bible Society, 2001.

Rienecher F. Brockhaus Lexicon zur Bibel. (Библейская энциклопедия Брокгауза). Russian Ed. Chremenchug: Christiansca Zorya, 1999. p.784-785.

Robertson A. T. Word Pictures in the New Testament. Vol.IV, p. 216; Vol.VI. Nashwill, Tenessi: Broadman Press, 1863-1934. p.87-89.

Shatrov P. K. A Manual for Studying Scriptures (“Пособие для изучающих Священное Писание”). – S-Petersburg: Biblia dlya vsekh, 2000.

Tyark О.А. Parables of Jesus Christ (“Притчи Иисуса Христа”). Мoscow, 1999.

Virkler H. The principles and the process of interpreting the Bible. Russian Ed. Schaumburg, ILL: Gospel Literature Services, 1995.

Wallace Daniel B. The Holy Sprit and Hermeneutics. www.bible.org, July, 9th, 2003.

Zhidkov V. Y. “Two Parables of Jesus Christ” (“Две притчи Иисуса Христа”) (Братский вестник – 1971. - №5. - p. 58-62).